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Future perspective of school disaster education in Nepal

Koichi Shiwaku (Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)
Rajib Shaw (Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)
Ram Chandra Kandel (NSET‐Nepal, National Society for Earthquake Technology‐Nepal (NSET), Kathmandu, Nepal)
Surya Narayan Shrestha (NSET‐Nepal, National Society for Earthquake Technology‐Nepal (NSET), Kathmandu, Nepal)
Amod Mani Dixit (NSET‐Nepal, National Society for Earthquake Technology‐Nepal (NSET), Kathmandu, Nepal)

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Article publication date: 4 September 2007

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2750

Abstract

Purpose

One of the most significant concerns of disaster management is that community at large is reluctant to initiate pre‐disaster measures at the individual level. Disaster education to schoolchildren offers the most vital answer to this grave concern. The objective of this study is to identify the factors which enhance students' awareness and promote the actual action for disaster reduction.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on a questionnaire survey in six selected schools of Kathmandu, Nepal. Different awareness levels have been established to identify effective educational factors at each level. The analysis showed the way to implement the education program.

Findings

Results showed that current school disaster education – which is based on lectures – can raise risk perception, but it cannot enable students to know the importance of pre‐disaster measures and to take actual action for disaster reduction. Self‐education is effective for realizing the importance of implementing measures. Community plays the essential role for promoting students' actual actions for disaster reduction. Future disaster education in school should be active learning for students. Continuous community involvement is the most important factor for school disaster education.

Research limitations/implications

This study focuses on the direction of disaster education for schoolchildren. Specific cases of the education should be customized, based on the results of this study.

Practical implications

The study findings are of significant importance for school teachers or education department while designing the curriculum for disaster education.

Originality/value

The findings and recommendations are field‐tested in Nepal and hence offer higher possibilities of adaptation, particularly in developing countries.

Keywords

Citation

Shiwaku, K., Shaw, R., Chandra Kandel, R., Narayan Shrestha, S. and Mani Dixit, A. (2007), "Future perspective of school disaster education in Nepal", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 576-587. https://doi.org/10.1108/09653560710817057

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2007, Emerald Group Publishing Limited