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Earthquake and tsunami questionnaires in Banda Aceh and surrounding areas

Hirokazu Iemura (Department of Urban Management, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)
Yoshikazu Takahashi (Department of Urban Management, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)
Mulyo Harris Pradono (Department of Urban Management, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan)
Pariatmono Sukamdo (Center for Transportation Technology, Jakarta, Indonesia)
Rudi Kurniawan (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia)

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Article publication date: 1 January 2006

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to study the effects of the tsunami that affected Banda Aceh in 2004.

Design/methodology/approach

During a survey by Japanese researchers in Banda Aceh and surrounding areas in Indonesia after the great Sumatra earthquake, questionnaires were distributed to the people affected by the earthquake and tsunami. The purpose of the questionnaires was to collect information of what happened and what were expected by the affected people to be safe against future earthquake and tsunami. The questionnaires consisted of questions asking their experience during and after the earthquake and tsunami.

Findings

One important result of the questionnaires shows that even if people had started running away just after the big earthquake, the percentage of expected survivors would have been less than 100 percent.

Originality/value

The paper shows that education, socialization (software) and escape structures, warning system, wave resisting structures (hardware) are important factors for people to be safer against future earthquake and tsunami attacks.

Keywords

Citation

Iemura, H., Takahashi, Y., Harris Pradono, M., Sukamdo, P. and Kurniawan, R. (2006), "Earthquake and tsunami questionnaires in Banda Aceh and surrounding areas", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 15 No. 1, pp. 21-30. https://doi.org/10.1108/09653560610654211

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2006, Emerald Group Publishing Limited