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A review of disaster and crisis

Ibrahim M. Shaluf (Ibrahim M. Shaluf is at the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, at University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.)
Fakharu’l‐razi Ahmadun (Fakharu’l‐razi Ahmadun is Head of the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, at University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.)
Aini Mat Said (Aini Mat Said is at the Faculty of Human Ecology, at University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.)

Disaster Prevention and Management

ISSN: 0965-3562

Article publication date: 1 March 2003

Abstract

A disaster and a crisis are two different, and related events. The two terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Man‐made disaster that occurs at an industrial organization, may develop into an industrial crisis. Crisis can happen to any organization. It has been noted that there were no universally accepted definitions yet developed for disaster and crisis. There is also no universally available criteria, to define the disaster in terms of the consequences, such as the casualties and the cost of damage. This paper reviews the definitions, types, characteristics, criteria and models of disaster and crisis. Also the types of crisis were rearranged and the differences between the disasters and crises have been summarized.

Keywords

Citation

Shaluf, I.M., Ahmadun, F. and Mat Said, A. (2003), "A review of disaster and crisis", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 24-32. https://doi.org/10.1108/09653560310463829

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 2003, MCB UP Limited