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Workaholism among Australian women psychologists: antecedents and consequences

Ronald J. Burke (Schulich School of Business, York University, Toronto, Canada)
Fay Oberklaid (La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia)
Zena Burgess (Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia)

Women in Management Review

ISSN: 0964-9425

Article publication date: 1 July 2004



This research considered potential antecedents and consequences of workaholism in a sample of 324 female Australian psychologists. Three workaholism types were compared based on measures developed by Spence and Robbins. Data were collected using self‐report questionnaires completed anonymously. Antecedents included personal and work situation characteristics, a measure of personal beliefs and fears and a measure of organizational values supporting work‐personal life imbalance. Consequences included measures of validating job behaviors, work outcomes, psychological health and extra‐work satisfactions. The three workaholism types differed in personal beliefs and fears, work addicts (WAs) scoring higher than work enthusiasts (WEs). WAs indicated less job and career satisfaction than both WEs and enthusiastic addicts (EAs) and lower future career prospects than did EAs. WAs also reported lower emotional health than did WEs. The workaholism types were similar on extra work satisfactions. Each workaholism type also worked similar hours per week as well. These findings validate previous conclusions indicating similar findings for both men and women.



Burke, R.J., Oberklaid, F. and Burgess, Z. (2004), "Workaholism among Australian women psychologists: antecedents and consequences", Women in Management Review, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 252-259.



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Copyright © 2004, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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