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Meeting the Challenge

Andrew Lee‐Mortimer (Freelance writer and manufacturing consultant. He is a qualified engineer, with considerable industrial experience, and has also been Editor of World Class Design to Manufacture (Manufacturing Breakthrough) for three years. Andrew Lee‐Mortimer can be contacted at 70 Cleveland Road, Crumpsall, Manchester, M8 4QY. Tel/Fax: 061 740 6065.)

World Class Design to Manufacture

ISSN: 1352-3074

Article publication date: 1 August 1994


Details how in 1987, ICI initiated its KLEA programme to produce replacements for CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons); and how, by the end of 1990, ICI opened its Runcorn, UK, plant producing the refrigerant R134a. This was followed by a plant in the USA in 1992 and one in Japan in 1993. Describes how all this was made possible in such a short timescale through innovations in engineering and technology; and by breaking new frontiers within the company in terms of teamworking and the empowerment of individuals.



Lee‐Mortimer, A. (1994), "Meeting the Challenge", World Class Design to Manufacture, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 16-20.




Copyright © 1994, MCB UP Limited