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The therapeutic community impulse: what makes it grow?

David Kennard (Based in the Psychology Department, Rampton Hospital, Retford, UK)

Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities

ISSN: 0964-1866

Article publication date: 24 September 2012

190

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to provide a history and a prehistory of the therapeutic community movement, and a series of questions still debated in the field.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper discusses the factors which favour the creation of therapeutic communities, drawing on Winnicott's views on democracy and the history of therapeutic community innovations. Some key factors are identified and their implications discussed.

Findings

The paper suggests that the therapeutic community impulse takes root where a number of individuals, with what Winnicott has called the “democratic tendency”, come together in response to a community's need for psychological care and support, and this can happen anywhere.

Originality/value

The paper offers a history and a prehistory of the therapeutic community movement, and draws out some of the implications for the future development of therapeutic communities and the nurturing of the therapeutic community impulse.

Keywords

Citation

Kennard, D. (2012), "The therapeutic community impulse: what makes it grow?", Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities, Vol. 33 No. 2/3, pp. 110-116. https://doi.org/10.1108/09641861211291595

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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