The purpose of this paper is to present a numerical and an analytical study of the thermohaline convection with Soret effect in a square enclosure filled with a binary fluid mixture.
The horizontal boundaries of the enclosure are impermeable and heated from below while its vertical walls are assumed to be adiabatic and impermeable. The Navier‐Stokes equations under the Boussinesq‐Oberbeck approximation are solved numerically. The results are given for different values of the separation ratio. The critical Rayleigh number at the onset of convection is determined analytically and numerically. The Hopf frequency at the onset of convection is obtained.
The existence of two stable stationary bifurcation branches is illustrated. Furthermore, it is shown that the existence of stable traveling waves in the transition from one branch to the other depends on the value of the separation ratio. For some values of Rayleigh number, asymmetric flows are observed. A good agreement is found between the numerical solution and analytical analysis.
The present work is the first to consider thermosolutal convection with Soret effect in a square enclosure.
Kaffel Rebaï, L., Mojtabi, A., Safi, M.J. and Mohamad, A.A. (2008), "Numerical study of thermosolutal convection with Soret effect in a square cavity", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 18 No. 5, pp. 561-574. https://doi.org/10.1108/09615530810879710
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