Genetic algorithms and boundary elements have been used to find an optimal design of a plastic window frame with air chambers and steel stiffeners. The objective function has been defined as minimum heat loss subject to a constraint of prescribed stiffness and weight of the steel insert.
Król, M. and Bialecki, R. (2003), "Optimization of a window frame by BEM and genetic algorithm", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 13 No. 5, pp. 565-580. https://doi.org/10.1108/09615530310482454Download as .RIS
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