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Service quality, satisfaction, and behavioural intentions: A study of low‐cost airline carriers in Thailand

Gour C. Saha (Pearl School of Business, Gurgaon, India)
Theingi (School of Management, Assumption University, Bangkok, Thailand)

Managing Service Quality: An International Journal

ISSN: 0960-4529

Article publication date: 15 May 2009

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships among the constructs of service quality, satisfaction, and behavioural intentions in passengers of three low‐cost carriers (LCCs) offering airline services in Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach

A large sample of 1,212 passengers who had travelled on LCCs in Thailand in the preceding 12 months is surveyed to test four hypothesised relationships among the constructs of service quality, satisfaction, and behavioural intentions using structural equation modelling (SEM).

Findings

The study finds that the order of importance of the dimensions of service quality tested here is: flight schedules; flight attendants; tangibles; and ground staff. Passenger satisfaction with these service‐quality dimensions is found to be very important in explaining behavioural intentions. Satisfied passengers are mostly influenced by the schedule. Such customers engage in positive word‐of‐mouth communication and have high repurchase intentions. Dissatisfied passengers prefer to change airlines, rather than provide feedback to the LCCs.

Research limitations/implications

The study has not definitively established causality among the constructs of service quality, satisfaction, and behavioural intentions. Moreover, satisfaction is based only on service quality. Future research should examine the causality and other possible satisfaction factors.

Practical implications

Managers of LCCs who have not traditionally placed a high priority on quality should be aware of the importance of service quality and passenger satisfaction in determining the behavioural intentions of passengers of LCCs.

Originality/value

The study provides an example of the use of a revised set of SERVPERF service‐quality dimensions. The study also posits passenger satisfaction and behavioural intentions in a single model in the context of LCCs in Thailand.

Keywords

Citation

Saha, G.C. and Theingi (2009), "Service quality, satisfaction, and behavioural intentions: A study of low‐cost airline carriers in Thailand", Managing Service Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 19 No. 3, pp. 350-372. https://doi.org/10.1108/09604520910955348

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2009, Emerald Group Publishing Limited