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Effects of attitudes vs experience of workplace fun on employee behaviors: Focused on Generation Y in the hospitality industry

Young Gin Choi (Department of Hospitality Management and Dietetics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA)
Junehee Kwon (Department of Hospitality Management and Dietetics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA)
Wansoo Kim (Department of International Tourism, Dong‐A University, Busan, Republic of Korea)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 12 April 2013

11374

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to reveal how Generation Y employees' attitude toward workplace fun affects their experienced workplace fun, job satisfaction, task performance, and organizational citizenship behaviors toward individuals (OCBI) in the hospitality business context.

Design/methodology/approach

The conceptual model of this study was tested based on responses from 234 hospitality students in the USA who are Generation Yers and had worked in the hospitality industry for more than three months.

Findings

This study revealed that Generation Y employees' attitude toward workplace fun positively affects their experienced workplace fun. In turn, Generation Yers' experienced workplace fun showed positive direct effects on their job satisfaction, task performance, and OCBI.

Research limitations/implications

First, the older Gen. Yers who are 26 or older were underrepresented in this study. Also, Gen. Yers who are less than college educated are not included in this study. Second, a nation‐wide economic crisis in the USA may affect college students' attitude toward workplace fun, making them more serious about work.

Practical implications

The management in hospitality businesses needs to foster fun‐loving cultures to get rid of any unnecessary guilt feeling of having fun at work among employees, and thus fully enjoy the positive effects of workplace fun in the organization.

Originality/value

This study is the first to empirically test how hospitality employees' attitude toward workplace fun affects their job performance.

Keywords

Citation

Gin Choi, Y., Kwon, J. and Kim, W. (2013), "Effects of attitudes vs experience of workplace fun on employee behaviors: Focused on Generation Y in the hospitality industry", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 410-427. https://doi.org/10.1108/09596111311311044

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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