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Towards an ethical framework for animal‐based attractions

Amir Shani (Rosen College of Hospitality Management, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA)
Abraham Pizam (Rosen College of Hospitality Management, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 22 September 2008

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to discuss the issues of animal rights in the hospitality and tourism (H&T) industry, and to suggest ethical guidelines for the operation of animal‐based attractions.

Design/methodology/approach

The issue is presented through an extensive literature review, in addition to current examples and demonstrations from the industry.

Findings

For years, the H&T industry has been heavily criticized for its inconsiderate and even cruel use of animals for entertainment purposes. However, there are clear indications, presented in this paper, of a growing tendency to adopt approaches that emphasize animal welfare and even animal rights.

Research limitations/implications

The growing awareness of animal rights, the changing public opinion and the influence of animal rights' movements is forcing animal attractions to re‐evaluate their attitudes toward the use of animals. Generally, animal attractions should adopt an approach that combines entertainment, education and welfare concerns. Specific guidelines for each component and recommendations are provided. However, this issue requires further discussion and research to clarify key problems.

Originality/value

The paper is of value to researchers and practitioners who are interested in the development of H&T ethics regarding the use of animals.

Keywords

Citation

Shani, A. and Pizam, A. (2008), "Towards an ethical framework for animal‐based attractions", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 20 No. 6, pp. 679-693. https://doi.org/10.1108/09596110810892236

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited