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Consumer's perceived risk reduction by 3D virtual model

Soo In Shim (Department of Consumer Affairs, Auburn University, Seoul, Korea)
Yuri Lee (Department of Clothing & Textiles, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea)

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management

ISSN: 0959-0552

Article publication date: 8 November 2011

Abstract

Purpose

This study seeks to examine the effects product presentation types on consumer's perceived risk reduction about apparel attributes (i.e. silhouette, colour, texture, and fit), and the effect of 3D virtual models' body shapes on consumer's perceived risk reduction about apparel fit. Internet shopping trust and consumer's actual body size have been considered as moderating variables, respectively.

Design/methodology/approach

Three types of web sites were developed for the experiment. Participants were recruited by a survey firm, explored the web sites, and filled out online questionnaires.

Findings

3D virtual models significantly reduce perceived risk about the four apparel attributes more than 2D images. Especially, they are effective to reduce perceived risk about apparel fit when their bodies represent a consumer's actual body shape.

Originality/value

This study verifies the informative role of 3D virtual models in apparel shopping. The implications related to the usage of the technology and the suggestions for future research are discussed.

Keywords

Citation

In Shim, S. and Lee, Y. (2011), "Consumer's perceived risk reduction by 3D virtual model", International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, Vol. 39 No. 12, pp. 945-959. https://doi.org/10.1108/09590551111183326

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited