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Primary principals' leadership styles, school organizational health and workplace bullying

Necati Cemaloğlu (Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Gazi Education, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey)

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Article publication date: 16 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationships between leadership styles of primary school principals and organizational health and bullying.

Design/methodology/approach

Two hypotheses were formulated in relation to the research. Three instruments were used – a multi‐level questionnaire for measuring leadership, an Organizational Health Inventory (OHI‐S), and a negative acts questionnaire (NAQ) for measuring workplace bullying. The questionnaires were administered to 500 teachers working in primary schools in Turkey. Path analysis was conducted using the AMOS programs; other statistical analyses were conducted via LISREL and EQS 6.1 programs.

Findings

There is a positive relationship between transformational leadership acts of principals and organizational health and a negative relationship between the transformational leadership acts of principals and workplace bullying. While a reverse relationship between organizational health and workplace bullying is identified, there is a relationship between transactional leadership acts of principals and organizational health. No relationship between transactional leadership acts of principals and workplace bullying is found.

Practical implications

These results suggest the desirability of principals striving to improve transformational leadership behaviors in order to develop their schools as healthy organizations and to solve the problem of bullying therein.

Originality/value

Several resources are provided as tools, such as the NAQ, the OHI‐S, and the multifactor leadership questionnaire. These may be profitably used in similar studies.

Keywords

Citation

Cemaloğlu, N. (2011), "Primary principals' leadership styles, school organizational health and workplace bullying", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 49 No. 5, pp. 495-512. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578231111159511

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited