Three decentralization strategies in two decades: Chile 1981‐2000

Ernesto Schiefelbein (Universidad Santo Tomas, Santiago, Chile, and)
Paulina Schiefelbein (Centrode Investigación y Desarrollo de la Educación, Santiago, Chile)

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Publication date: 1 December 2000

Abstract

In the past two decades, Chile has implemented three reform strategies that shaped its educational decentralization process, each motivated by different goals. In the 1980s, during the military regime, an economic model structured a voucher system that created incentives for parents to choose schools for their children. In theory, bad schools would improve in quality or go out of business. The second reform began in 1990 and was embedded in the transition from autocratic to democratic government. Sociologists were the intellectual authors of this initiative which focused on improving the working conditions of teachers. In 1994, the third strategy began with educational researchers focusing attention on the classroom effectiveness and the need for better instructional materials and improvements in the teaching/learning process. The continued study of educational decentralization in Chile is important because it represents the only nation in the world with a nation‐wide voucher system.

Keywords

Citation

Schiefelbein, E. and Schiefelbein, P. (2000), "Three decentralization strategies in two decades: Chile 1981‐2000", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 38 No. 5, pp. 412-425. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578230010378313

Download as .RIS

Publisher

:

MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 2000, MCB UP Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.