The objective of CNC machining is to produce mechanical parts with designed quality most efficiently. To generate CNC tool paths for machining a sculptured part using a three‐axis CNC machine, surface geometry, cutter shape and size, as well as tool path interval and direction need to be considered. In this work, the relation between the direction of a tool motion and cutting efficiency is studied. A new measure of cutting efficiency in three‐axis CNC milling – the length of effective cutting edge (ECE) is introduced. The ECE length is mathematically proven to reach its maximum when the tool cuts a sculptured surface along its steepest tangent direction at the cutter contact point. The steepest tangent direction is thus proven to be the most efficient tool feed direction in three‐axis sculptured part machining. The study identifies tool feed direction as a new control parameter in CNC tool path planning, and forms the foundation for further research on three‐axis tool path generation of sculptured parts.
Chen, Z., Dong, Z. and Vickers, G. (2003), "Most efficient tool feed direction in three‐axis CNC machining", Integrated Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 14 No. 7, pp. 554-566. https://doi.org/10.1108/09576060310491919Download as .RIS
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