Electromagnetic fields and neoplasms ‐ fact and fiction

Stanislaw Szmigielski (Department of Biological Effects of Non‐ionizing Radiations, Center for Radiobiology and Radiation Safety at the Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Warsaw, Poland)

Environmental Management and Health

ISSN: 0956-6163

Publication date: 1 December 1996

Abstract

About 50 epidemiological reports about possible associations between cancer morbidity and exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) were published between 1979 and 1994. The majority of them (60‐75 per cent) documented a slight (1.5 to twofold) but significant increase in the incidence of certain rare forms of neoplasms (leukaemia, lymphoma, brain tumours). A limited support for carcinogenic potencies of EMFs is provided from cellular studies, but the effects appear to be generally weak, transient and difficult to replicate. Concludes that the available evidence associating cancer and EMF exposure is too tenuous to be convincing but too consistent to be ignored. Further progress needs better quantification of exposure levels and conditions, evaluation of dose‐effect relationships and liability to confounding carcinogenic factors that may influence morbidity rates in the investigated populations.

Keywords

Citation

Szmigielski, S. (1996), "Electromagnetic fields and neoplasms ‐ fact and fiction", Environmental Management and Health, Vol. 7 No. 5, pp. 32-39. https://doi.org/10.1108/09566169610130403

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Publisher

:

MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 1996, MCB UP Limited

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