Examines the fate of heavy metals in sewage water and the sludge produced. Investigates the level of metals before and after the use of chemical coagulants as well as throughout every process of the plant. Results reveal that the present upgrading of the plant has a remarkable improvement in the performance of the sewage treatment. Concludes that such upgrading of the plant reduces sewage tax because of the improvement in performance. In addition, the hydrolysis of the pre‐treated sludge can improve the de‐nitrified process and therefore can save energy, while the application of lime can be a substitution for enlarging the plant itself.
Abdel‐Shafy, H.I. (1996), "Fate of heavy metals via chemical‐biological upgrading of sewage treatment plant", Environmental Management and Health, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 28-36. https://doi.org/10.1108/09566169610117895
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