Describes a study carried out to evaluate the accumulation of heavy metals by two different vascular aquatic plants in the artificial wetlands which were constructed for the treatment of municipal wastewater in Berlin, Germany. The studied plants were Pharagmites australis and Schoenoplectus lacustris. The investigated metals were: Zn, Cr, Cu, Fe, Cd, Ni and Pb. The translocation of such metals in the plant roots, stems and leaves was also determined. The level of metals in the influent and effluent of the wastewater, as well as the sludge, was investigated. The concentration factor of each metal by plants and sludge was further studied. Results revealed that P. australis has a higher tendency for the accumulation of metals than S. Lacustris. The level of metals was higher in roots, followed by leaves, then stems. Metals were more concentrated in the sludge than in the plants. Further study showed that the levels of metals in plants grown in the artificial wetlands were higher than in those grown in a “controlled” area. Concludes that vascular plants can act as scavengers of metals from the municipal wastewater while still maintaining a healthy status.
Abdel‐Shafy, H.I., Hegemann, W. and Teiner, A. (1994), "Accumulation of Metals by Vascular Plants", Environmental Management and Health, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 21-24. https://doi.org/10.1108/09566169410057137Download as .RIS
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