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Overview to water recycling in California: success stories

Arlene K. Wong (Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment and Security, California, USA)
Peter H. Gleick (Pacific Institute for Studies in Development, Environment and Security, California, USA)

Environmental Management and Health

ISSN: 0956-6163

Article publication date: 1 August 2000

Abstract

Provides a summary of recycled water use in California, illustrating the evolution of its application from individual projects for nearby users, to city‐wide and district programs. Presents three detailed case studies of recent water recycling projects: the West Basin Water Recycling project in Los Angeles County, the South Bay Water Recycling project in Santa Clara County, and several projects in Marin County. Barriers to recycled water projects include the cost, institutional barriers that separate water supply and wastewater functions, slow regulatory response in permitting, recognizing new technology and expended uses, and educating stakeholders. From the case studies, common elements to successful implementation demonstrate the importance of working with numerous stakeholders throughout the process and addressing their concerns, creating new institutional partnerships, educating stakeholders to bring actors together, market services, and engender support, acquiring financial assistance and providing incentives and, finally, relying on large volume users to support a more cost‐effective design.

Keywords

Citation

Wong, A.K. and Gleick, P.H. (2000), "Overview to water recycling in California: success stories", Environmental Management and Health, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 216-238. https://doi.org/10.1108/09566160010333269

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 2000, MCB UP Limited