Effect of fabric softener on properties of a single jersey knitted fabric made of cotton and spandex yarn

Roqaya Sadek (Textile Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Publication date: 27 July 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of softener treatment on plain jersey fabrics with properties made of cotton and spandex yarn.

Design/methodology/approach

Samples with 100 percent cotton yarns, spandex yarns in alternating courses (half plating) and spandex yarns in every courses (full plating) were produced on a circular knitting machine where the two latter cases were produced at five different levels of spandex extension. After the dyeing process, fabrics were treated with fabric softener using two softener types (cationic and silicon) and all type two concentrations (3 percent, 6 percent) to evaluate the most appropriate softener type and concentration on fabric friction force, sewing needle penetration force and weight loss percent under different levels of spandex extension.

Findings

Results showed that silicon softener treatment results in high decreases in fabric sewing needle penetrating force, friction force and while treatment with cationic softener results in high decreases in weight loss percent for 100 percent cotton, half and full plating fabrics.

Originality/value

There is a growing need to study the effect of softeners when spandex yarns are used in the production of knitted fabric which results in high increase of stitch density. This research compares the effects of two different softener types at different concentrations on the properties of both plain jersey fabric produced from 100 percent cotton yarns and from cotton/spandex yarns with different stitch density.

Keywords

Citation

Sadek, R. (2012), "Effect of fabric softener on properties of a single jersey knitted fabric made of cotton and spandex yarn", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 251-272. https://doi.org/10.1108/09556221211232847

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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