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Modeling the tensile behaviour of needle punched nonwoven geotextiles

Umit Halis Erdogan (Department of Textile Engineering, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey)
Nilufer Erdem (Department of Textile Engineering, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 9 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a theoretical model to predict the mechanical behaviour of needle punched heavy geotextiles in uniaxial tensile test.

Design/methodology/approach

The model was constructed using theory of layered composite materials and finite element method. The properties of a reference fabric were used as initial data in theoretical calculations and a commercially available finite element program was chosen to carry out stress analysis. A comparison is made between theoretical calculations and experimental data to evaluate the deformation mechanism of geotextile fabrics in uniaxial tensile test.

Findings

The results indicate that compatible data were predicted in terms of stress values and stress distribution of fabrics. The inconstant lateral contraction of nonwoven fabrics in tensile test is also successfully simulated by the model. However, in the case of elongations, the model could not predict the strains of heavy geotextiles accurately.

Originality/value

The study aims at predicting the mechanical behaviour of needle punched heavy geotextiles by using the structural and mechanical properties of a “reference fabric” instead of constituent fiber properties.

Keywords

Citation

Halis Erdogan, U. and Erdem, N. (2011), "Modeling the tensile behaviour of needle punched nonwoven geotextiles", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 258-268. https://doi.org/10.1108/09556221111136520

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited