During the past decades, several researchers have introduced devices that use sonar systems to detect and/or to determine the object location or to measure the distance to an object using reflected sound waves. The purpose of this paper is to use sonar sensor with textile structure and to test it for detection of objects.
In this study, a sonar system based on intelligent textiles approach for detection of objects has been developed. In order to do this, ultrasonic sensor has been integrated to textile structures by using conductive yarns. Furthermore, an electronic circuit has been designed; PIC 16F877 microcontroller unit has been used to convert the measured signal to meaningful data and to assess the data. The algorithm enabling the objects detection has also been developed. Finally, smart textile structure integrated with ultrasonic sensor has been tested for detection of objects.
Beam shape is presented related to identified object and compared with the actual one given in sensor's datasheet in order to test the efficiency of the proposed method of detection. The achieved results showed that the determined beam pattern matches with the actual one given in its datasheet. Therefore, it can be concluded that the integration of sensor was successful.
This is the first time in the literature that a sonar sensor was integrated into textile structure and tested for detection of objects.
Kursun Bahadir, S., Kalaoglu, F., Thomassey, S., Cristian, I. and Koncar, V. (2011), "A study on the beam pattern of ultrasonic sensor integrated to textile structure", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 232-241. https://doi.org/10.1108/09556221111136494
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