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Heat and moisture transmission properties of clothing systems evaluated by using a sweating thermal manikin under different environmental conditions

Damjana Celcar (Mura European Fashion Design, Murska Sobota, Slovenia)
Harriet Meinander (SmartWearLab, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland)
Jelka Geršak (The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering Materials and Design, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 13 June 2008

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to investigate thermal comfort properties, such as heat and moisture transmission through male business clothing systems, by using a sweating thermal manikin Coppelius that simulates heat and moisture production in a similar way to the human body and measures the influence of clothing on heat exchange in different environmental and sweating conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

Ten different combination of male business clothing systems were measured using the sweating manikin, under three environmental conditions (10°C/50 per cent RH, 25°C/50 per cent RH and −5°C), and at 0 and 50 gm−2 h−1 sweating levels, in order to evaluate the influence of environmental and sweating conditions on thermal comfort properties of clothing systems.

Findings

The results show how business clothing systems influence on the dry and evaporative heat loss between the manikin surface and environment in different environmental and sweating conditions.

Practical implications

When using sweating thermal manikin Coppelius, water vapour transmission (WVT) through and water condensation on the clothing can be determined simultaneously with the thermal insulation (It) of clothing system. Measured thermal comfort properties of clothing systems evaluated with a sweating thermal manikin can provide valuable information for the clothing industry by manufacturing/designing new clothing systems.

Originality/value

In this investigation, the heat and moisture transmission properties of male business clothing systems were measured in different environmental and sweating conditions. In the past few years, clothing materials containing microencapsulated phase‐change materials (PCMs) have appeared in outdoor garments, particularly sportswear; therefore, we decided to investigate the thermal comfort properties of different standard male business apparel, as well as male business clothing that contain PCMs used as liner and outerwear material.

Keywords

Citation

Celcar, D., Meinander, H. and Geršak, J. (2008), "Heat and moisture transmission properties of clothing systems evaluated by using a sweating thermal manikin under different environmental conditions", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 240-252. https://doi.org/10.1108/09556220810878865

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited