Modelling and simulation of filtration through woven media

M.A. Nazarboland (School of Materials, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)
X. Chen (School of Materials, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)
J.W.S. Hearle (School of Materials, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK)
R. Lydon (Clear Edge Group, Haslingden, UK)
M. Moss (Clear Edge Group, Haslingden, UK)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Publication date: 9 May 2008



This paper aims to discuss the development of a software tool UniverFilter™ which is capable of geometrical modelling of 3D woven fabrics, interfacing with computational fluid dynamics tools to numerically determine the fluid (and more specifically liquid) flow path and simulating the filtration process by introducing particles of various shapes and sizes.


The method employed in creating the software tool is based on geometrical modelling of the single‐layer woven fabric with monofilament yarns, numerical analysis of the fluid‐flow problem, and mathematical modelling of the forces exerted on particles to accurately predict the settlement of such particles on the fabric. In the case of particle motion, a Lagrangian approach is used.


Creation of a software tool capable of simulation and modelling the filtration process through woven fabrics is the primary achievement. The effect of geometrical parameters of the woven fabric on fluid flow utilizing the results from fluid pressure and fluid velocity on the fabric show that the fluid flow is significantly influenced in the interstices and chamber downstream by the fabric. Fluid‐flow resistance and pressure loss are obtained from the results of fluid velocity and pressure. The results from the fluid pressure on the fabric could also be employed to more accurately predict how pore shapes and sizes are transformed.


Creation of a modelling tool for filtration through woven fabric media. This software is the foundation of establishing a standalone tool with the capability to design, test and improve fabric filter design for more efficient filtration properties.



Nazarboland, M., Chen, X., Hearle, J., Lydon, R. and Moss, M. (2008), "Modelling and simulation of filtration through woven media", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 20 No. 3, pp. 150-160.

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