Argues that, despite increasing interest in teamwork, much of the literature on the subject is inconclusive and often derived from anecdote rather than primary research. Seeks to develop an empirically‐based conceptual framework with which to characterize effective teamwork in the hospitality industry. Reviews the literature and empirical research on the subject; then proposes a descriptive systems model of the key characteristics of effective teamwork featuring inputs, throughputs and outputs. Suggests that throughputs may be the greatest determinant of team effectiveness and that this may have implications for the way in which management approaches the development of self‐directed teams in the future.
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