Explores a scenario for how work can be organized in a circular manner. Outlines two tendencies in work relations: a return to authoritarian governance of the workplace, and at the same time, the inevitable and necessary shift towards more participation. Subsequently, explores the possibility of a synthesis of traditional and participative work relationships by organizing work in a circular manner. Circularity implies that, although authority may continue to play an important role in the workplace, an ultimate authority is absent, and each member can participate directly or through representation in decision processes which are organized in circles.
Georges L. Romme, A. (1997), "Work, authority and participation: the scenario of circular organizing", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 156-166. https://doi.org/10.1108/09534819710160817
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