Asian management systems, led by the so‐called lean production system invented by Toyota and refined by Japanese companies are being transplanted to North America with mixed success. A necessary but not sufficient condition for a successful transplant across vastly different cultures, such as from east to west, is the development over time of a third culture which is compatible with both of the original cultures, but transcends them to produce a unique venture culture. Discusses how business partnerships can begin to build such third cultures.
Graen, G. and Hui, C. (1996), "Managing changes in globalizing business: how to manage cross‐cultural business partners", Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 62-72. https://doi.org/10.1108/09534819610116637Download as .RIS
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