A computerized surveillance system for asthma

Isabella Karakis (School of Public Health, Haifa University, Haifa, Israel)
Moshe Blumenfeld (Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer‐Sheeva, Israel)
Yaron Yegev (Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer‐Sheeva, Israel)
Dan Goldfarb (Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer‐Sheeva, Israel)
, and
Arkady Bolotin (Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer‐Sheeva, Israel)
Zeev Weiler (Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer‐Sheeva, Israel)
Rafael Carel (School of Public Health, Haifa, Israel)

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance

ISSN: 0952-6862

Publication date: 3 May 2011

Abstract

Purpose

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airways disease characterized by acute exacerbations interspaced by symptom‐free periods. Its management imposes a substantial burden on healthcare services, as well as personal suffering and significant financial tolls. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate links between routinely used computerized databases and to establish an automatic mechanism for monitoring asthma patients.

Design/methodology/approach

The study population was all adult subscribers to a major health maintenance organization (HMO) in Southern Israel (230,000 adults, age 20‐65 years). Relevant data for this retrospective analysis (2000 to 2004) were extracted from several computerized databases routinely used in the service: pharmacy; administrative; and each person's personal computerized medical file in the primary care clinic.

Findings

Based on data from 72 regional primary care clinics, during the study period, 11,054 adults were treated simultaneously by β2 agonists and steroids – assumed to be asthmatics. In contrast, asthma diagnosis was recorded in only 4,061 personal files. The intersection between two databases yielded 2,569 persons recorded in both. These findings attest to the feasibility of developing computerized automatic surveillance systems for monitoring asthma patients with certain algorithms to assure service quality.

Research limitations/implications

Data extracted from the various databases were unequal quality, a factor that imposed data management difficulties.

Practical implications

Similar surveillance systems can be developed relatively easily by using comparable algorithms for monitoring different chronic diseases or introducing management indices to secure quality of services.

Originality/value

The paper focuses on developing an automatic asthma monitoring model, using information from routinely used computerized HMO DBs.

Keywords

Citation

Karakis, I., Blumenfeld, M., Yegev, Y., Goldfarb, D., Bolotin, A., Weiler, Z. and Carel, R. (2011), "A computerized surveillance system for asthma", International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 308-313. https://doi.org/10.1108/09526861111125615

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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