The purpose of this paper is to examine drug dispensing and associated activity in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The paper aims to describe factors associated with patient information giving and dispensing time.
A specific protocol for recording data gathered from observations included: number of dispensing sessions; medical specialties active at the time; medication number and type; dispensing outcome; if information giving was observed and dispensing time. Information giving and time were considered response variables. The chi‐square test and odds‐ratios were used to verify associations between response and explanatory variables.
In 43 percent (45) consultations, information giving accompanied dispensing and was associated with number of dispensing sessions and medical specialty offered on a particular day. Assistance time was associated with drug type and number, which increased as dispensing sessions decreased.
Seasonal variations in the demand for pharmacy assistance were not investigated and sample size precluded multivariate analyses. Consequently, new studies may deepen understanding about communication between physicians, pharmacy assistants and users.
Pharmacy staff could improve quality and efficiency if two aspects were taken into account: fluctuating workload, and external conditions within which tasks are undertaken.
The paper identifies external conditions that interfere with drug dispensing.
Souza d'Ávila, L., Ávila Assunção, A., Almeida Belisário, S. and Xavier de Abreu, D. (2010), "Drug dispensing and information giving in Belo Horizonte, Brazil", International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 23 No. 7, pp. 643-657. https://doi.org/10.1108/09526861011071571Download as .RIS
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