The debate on the public sector has been central in structural adjustment programmes applied in developing countries during recent years. The common grounds of the discussion have been the size of the public sector, its role and its efficiency in delivering services. The common criticisms of the 1980s are that the public sector is too big, overstaffed and inefficient. Examines these issues under a long‐term perspective. Finds that at the aggregated level there is no clear‐cut evidence to support those criticisms of the size of the public sector in developing countries. Compared with industrialized countries, there is no particular evidence of the public sector being too big in the developing world. However, it appears that the sequence of the adjustment process has negatively affected the performance of important parts of the public sector by distorting the proportion of wage and non‐wage expenditures, disregarding their complementarity. The consequent imbalance between inputs and employment has resulted in practical overstaffing.
Marinakis, A. (1994), "Public Sector Employment in Developing Countries: An Overview of Past and Present Trends", International Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 50-68. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513559410055233Download as .RIS
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