‘Solving an Empire problem’: the Salvation Army and British juvenile migration to Australia

Esther Daniel (Deakin University, Victoria)

History of Education Review

ISSN: 0819-8691

Publication date: 24 June 2007


This article provides a discussion of the unaccompanied British juvenile migration programme to Australia by the Salvation Army (henceforth, the Army) within the context of the imperialist ideas of William Booth and the racist White Australia Policy, as well as Booth’s ideas regarding the ‘training’ of children. The programme was complex in character and diversity, particularly in relation to its philosophy, aims and objectives. One of the central themes of the Army’s programme was support for British imperialism and expansion of the British Empire by populating its Dominions with large numbers of white British migrants: hence it was referred to as ‘emigration and colonisation’. Such migration was regarded as vital to generate economic growth and a strong defence of the Empire. The Army claimed that its migration programme would be of national benefit as it could provide Australia with migrants with significant economic potential.



Daniel, E. (2007), "‘Solving an Empire problem’: the Salvation Army and British juvenile migration to Australia", History of Education Review, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 33-48. https://doi.org/10.1108/08198691200700003

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