The purpose of this paper is to report on research that examined the potential affects of academic library consortia activity on the scholarly publishing cycle.
Semi‐structured interviews of 30 university librarians from across Canada and representatives from six federal government agencies involved in university funding, copyright and competition policy, were used to examine consortia activity in the broad context of the scholarly publishing cycle from the competing perspectives of the market economy and the public good. The principles of competition and copyright were used to define the theoretical premise of the research.
University librarians primarily see consortia activity as supporting academic libraries' public good role of providing access to information as equitably and as barrier‐free as possible. They saw consortia as more than just buying clubs, but also as a means for libraries to share resources and expertise. Federal government agency representatives saw consortia activity firmly anchored in the market economy, levelling the playing field between libraries and publishers, and providing libraries opportunities to leverage their budgets.
This research was unique to the Canadian situation of federal funding of universities and only a sampling of university librarians was feasible.
The results show a need to educate librarians and government funding bodies and policy makers as to the goals and outcomes of consortia activity.
At the time of the defence of the thesis this work had not been done before.
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