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Improvement of mechanical and antimicrobial properties of denture base resin by nano‐titanium dioxide and nano‐silicon dioxide particles

Rong Song (Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Medicine, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China)
Xiaohui Jiao (College of Dental Medicine, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China)
Long Lin (Colour Science, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 8 November 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of nano‐titanium dioxide and nano‐silicon dioxide particles on the mechanical and antimicrobial properties of denture base resin.

Design/methodology/approach

Nano‐titanium dioxide and nano‐silicon dioxide particles were introduced to heat‐curing denture base resin to prepare composites. Electronic universal testing machine and friction tester were used to test tensile strength and frictional resistance properties of the samples prepared, respectively; also, film adhesion method was used to test the in vitro antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans.

Findings

Addition of nano‐titanium dioxide particles could improve the antimicrobial property of denture base resin, and addition of nano‐silicon dioxide particles could improve the tensile strength and frictional resistance of denture base resin. Mixture of the two nano‐particles, at a certain ratio, could improve the tensile strength, frictional resistance and antimicrobial property of denture base resin to a certain extent.

Practical implications

Nano‐titanium dioxide and nano‐silicon dioxide denture base resin composites were obtained. The mechanical and antimicrobial properties of the composites were improved compared to the raw denture base resin.

Originality/value

Nano‐titanium dioxide and nano‐silicon dioxide denture base resin composites with excellent performance could be obtained. Longer service life, greater hardness and clearness helped improve the patients' quality of life. Limited work with respect to the improved denture base resin was performed, which could form the theme of a future study. The outcomes of the research reported here set a new milestone in the field of denture base resin.

Keywords

Citation

Song, R., Jiao, X. and Lin, L. (2011), "Improvement of mechanical and antimicrobial properties of denture base resin by nano‐titanium dioxide and nano‐silicon dioxide particles", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 40 No. 6, pp. 393-398. https://doi.org/10.1108/03699421111180545

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited