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Investigation on blocking and deblocking isocyanates by sodium bisulphite

Yanhua Zhang (Northeast Forestry University, College of Material Science and Engineering, Harbin, China)
Jiyou Gu (Northeast Forestry University, College of Material Science and Engineering, Harbin, China)
Xiankai Jiang (Northeast Forestry University, College of Material Science and Engineering, Harbin, China)
Libin Zhu (Northeast Forestry University, College of Material Science and Engineering, Harbin, China)
Haiyan Tan (Northeast Forestry University, College of Material Science and Engineering, Harbin, China)

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 8 November 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effective procedure for blocking and deblocking isocyanate by sodium bisulphite with special cosolvent and dropwise method.

Design/methodology/approach

A number of analytical techniques, including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Thermo gravimetric analyser (TGA) were employed to assess the reactions between isocyanates and sodium bisulphite, water, cosolvent, also the deblocking temperature of blocked isocyanates.

Findings

The blocked isocyanates reacted with sodium bisulphite, water and cosolvent via a special procedure. It was found that the − NCO functional groups of the isocyanates were completely blocked by sodium bisulphite and a new method for determining the lowest deblocking temperature of the blocked isocyanates was described. It was revealed that the deblocking temperature of blocked isocyanates by sodium bisulphite was lower than others.

Practical implications

The paper provides some useful information about the blocking and deblocking of isocyanate, which would be helpful for the preparation of blocking and deblocking isocyanate, and guiding the practical applications of blocked isocyanate.

Originality/value

The investigation found that the sodium bisulphite was a very efficient blocking agent for isocyanates at the room temperature via the special procedure developed. On the basis of emulsion polymerisation theory, polymer isocyanates were blocked by sodium bisulphite, which realised the new breakthrough effectively by means of controlled temperature, stirring speed and optimum dropwise speed in the whole reaction system. Meanwhile, the special cosolvent could improve the intermiscibility of isocyanate in sodium bisulphite aqueous solution, reduce the side reaction of isocyanate with water and accelerate reaction rate of isocyanate with sodium bisulphite. If no cosolvent was present, the blocked system would not be homogeneous.

Keywords

Citation

Zhang, Y., Gu, J., Jiang, X., Zhu, L. and Tan, H. (2011), "Investigation on blocking and deblocking isocyanates by sodium bisulphite", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 40 No. 6, pp. 379-385. https://doi.org/10.1108/03699421111180527

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited