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Changing technology

B.H. Rudall (Norbert Wiener Institute, Bangor, UK and Bangor University, Bangor, UK)


ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 18 October 2011




This paper aims to review current research with particular reference to new research and development initiatives and examines some of the changes since 1971.


A general review and survey of selected research and development topics is given and some new challenges and applications of future technologies are considered with particular reference to their impact and potential.


The paper illustrates the multi‐ and trans‐disciplinary nature of studies in cybernetics, systems and management sciences, with a view to further research and development activity. It comments on some of the changes that have occurred in the late twentieth and early twenty‐first century.

Practical implications

The choice of review provides an awareness of current trends in these areas of endeavour.


The reviews are selected from a global database and give a studied assessment of current research and development initiatives. With notes on the contribution of Kybernetes to communicating changes in technology.



Rudall, B.H. (2011), "Changing technology", Kybernetes, Vol. 40 No. 9/10, pp. 1543-1546.



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Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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