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An introduction to hyperseeing and hypersculptures

Nat Friedman (Department of Mathematics, University at Albany, Albany, New York, USA)


ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 9 August 2011




The purpose of this paper is to introduce the cybernetics audience to the fundamental interdisciplinary concept of hyperseeing and its application to hypersculptures.


Briefly, hyperseeing is seeing from multiple viewpoints in a very general sense. In particular, the author first discusses hyperseeing a sculpture. A sculpture is defined as an object in a fixed position relative to a horizontal plane (base, ground). Two sculptures are congruent if they consist of the same object. A hypersculpture is a set of congruent sculptures. A hypersculpture is a more complete presentation of the sculptural possibilities of an object.


A specific example is given of hyperseeing a knot sculpture made of copper tubing.


The paper demonstrates how the study of hypersculptures facilitates gaining a deeper understanding and appreciation of sculpture.



Friedman, N. (2011), "An introduction to hyperseeing and hypersculptures", Kybernetes, Vol. 40 No. 7/8, pp. 1015-1020.



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Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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