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Systemic philosophy and the philosophy of social science: Part II: the systemic position

Jon‐Arild Johannessen (Oslo School of Management and Bodø Graduate School of Business, Lillesand, Norway)
Johan Olaisen (Norwegian School of Management, Lillesand, Norway)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 1 October 2005

994

Abstract

Purpose

To discuss systemic thinking in relation to the naturalistic position in the philosophy of social science. To develop the theme in two parts: Part I: systemic thinking and the naturalistic position; and Part II: the systemic position.

Design/methodology/approach

A cybernetic approach is taken, and a discussion on what is the foundation for the philosophy of social science for systemic thinking and the systemic position is developed.

Findings

The findings of Part I have been given. Part II analyses the systemic position and considers the classical controversy in social science between methodological individualism and methodological collectivism (holism). The pre‐condition on which the systemic position is based is given. The ideal requirements set up by the systemic position are presented under the headings: espistemology/methodology; ontology; axiology; and the ethical position.

Practical implications

Provided assistance to social scientists who study social systems from the systemic or cybernetic viewpoint and give a practical analysis of the systemic position. Provides researchers and others working in this field with an investigation of the role and conduct of social scientists.

Originality/value

It positioned systemic thinking in relation to the philosophy of social science.

Keywords

Citation

Johannessen, J. and Olaisen, J. (2005), "Systemic philosophy and the philosophy of social science: Part II: the systemic position", Kybernetes, Vol. 34 No. 9/10, pp. 1570-1586. https://doi.org/10.1108/03684920510614821

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2005, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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