The framework, panorama, related applications and development of pansystems thinking are introduced and some problems concerning generalized systems, derivatives, symmetry and quantification are investigated, a sort of difference‐identity theory within the framework of pansystems thinking is cultivated, and a new type of clustering method with many intertransformations among some important pansystems concepts is presented. Related contents include: pansystems combination of mathematics, systems, dialectics and poetry thinking, methodology to comprehend laws by pansymmetries or by moving networks, the pansystems views of generalized order, quotientization and series‐parallel relations, control‐reachability, duality transformation, discoupling principle, communication theorems, general parental relations, etc.
Xuemou, W., Jinghong, P. and Pheng‐Ann, H. (2000), "Pansystems thinking and investigations: Difference, identity, clustering", Kybernetes, Vol. 29 No. 5/6, pp. 651-679. https://doi.org/10.1108/03684920010333107
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