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A computer‐aided design tool dedicated to isolated DC‐DC converters based on multiobjective optimization using genetic algorithms

Christophe Versèle (Electrical Engineering Department, University of Mons, Hainaut, Belgium)
Olivier Deblecker (Electrical Engineering Department, University of Mons, Hainaut, Belgium)
Jacques Lobry (Electrical Engineering Department, University of Mons, Hainaut, Belgium)

Abstract

Purpose

This paper presents a computer‐aided design (CAD) tool for the design of isolated dc‐dc converters.

Design/methodology/approach

This tool, developed in Matlab environment, is based on multiobjective optimization (MO) using genetic algorithms. The Elitist Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm is used to perform search and optimization whereas analytical models are used to model the power converters. The design problem requires minimizing the weight, losses and cost of the converter while ensuring the satisfaction of a number of constraints. The optimization variables are, as for them, the operating frequency, the current density, the maximum flux density, the transformer dimensions, the wire diameter, the core material, the conductor material, the converter topology (among Flyback, Forward, Push‐Pull, half‐bridge and full‐bridge topologies), the number of semiconductor devices associated in parallel, the number of cells associated in series or parallel as well as the kinds of input and output connections (serial or parallel) of these cells. Finally, the design of an auxiliary railway power supply is presented and discussed.

Findings

The results show that such tool to design dc‐dc power converters presents several advantages. In particular, it proposes to the designer a set of solutions – instead of a single one – so that he can choose a posteriori which solution best fits the application under consideration. Moreover, interesting solutions not considered a priori can be found with this tool.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, such a CAD tool including a MO procedure taking several topologies into account has not been suggested so far.

Keywords

Citation

Versèle, C., Deblecker, O. and Lobry, J. (2012), "A computer‐aided design tool dedicated to isolated DC‐DC converters based on multiobjective optimization using genetic algorithms", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 31 No. 2, pp. 583-603. https://doi.org/10.1108/03321641211200590

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited