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CNN‐based ultrafast solver of stiff ODEs and PDEs for enabling realtime Computational Engineering

J.C. Chedjou (Transportation Informatics Group, Institute of Smart Systems Technologies, University of Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, Austria)
K. Kyamakya (Transportation Informatics Group, Institute of Smart Systems Technologies, University of Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, Austria)

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to develop, propose and validate, through a series of presentable examples, a comprehensive high‐precision and ultra‐fast computing concept for solving stiff ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs) with cellular neural networks (CNN).

Design/methodology/approach

The core of the concept developed in this paper is a straight‐forward scheme that we call “nonlinear adaptive optimization (NAOP)”, which is used for a precise template calculation for solving any (stiff) nonlinear ODEs through CNN processors.

Findings

One of the key contributions of this work (this is a real breakthrough) is to demonstrate the possibility of mapping/transforming different types of nonlinearities displayed by various classical and well‐known oscillators (e.g. van der Pol‐, Rayleigh‐, Duffing‐, Rössler‐, Lorenz‐, and Jerk‐ oscillators, just to name a few) unto first‐order CNN elementary cells, and thereby enabling the easy derivation of corresponding CNN‐templates. Furthermore, in case of PDEs solving, the same concept also allows a mapping unto first‐order CNN cells while considering one or even more nonlinear terms of the Taylor's series expansion generally used in the transformation of a PDEs in a set of coupled nonlinear ODEs. Therefore, the concept of this paper does significantly contribute to the consolidation of CNN as a universal and ultra‐fast solver of stiff differential equations (both ODEs and PDEs). This clearly enables a CNN‐based, real‐time, ultra‐precise, and low‐cost Computational Engineering. As proof of concept a well‐known prototype of stiff equations (van der Pol) has been considered; the corresponding precise CNN‐templates are derived to obtain precise solutions of this equation.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the enrichment of the literature as the relevant state‐of‐the‐art does not provide a systematic and robust method to solve nonlinear ODEs and/or nonlinear PDEs using the CNN‐paradigm. Further, the “NAOP” concept developed in this paper has been proven to perform accurate and robust calculations. This concept is not based on trial‐and‐error processes as it is the case for various classes of optimization methods/tools (e.g. genetic algorithm, particle swarm, neural networks, etc.). The “NAOP” concept developed in this frame does significantly contribute to the consolidation of CNN as a universal and ultra‐fast solver of nonlinear differential equations (both ODEs and PDEs). An implantation of the concept developed is possible even on embedded digital platforms (e.g. field‐programmable gate array (FPGA), digital signal processing (DSP), graphics processing unit (GPU), etc.); this opens a broad range of applications. On‐going works (as outlook) are using NAOP for deriving precise templates for a selected set of practically interesting PDE models such as Navier Stokes, Schrödinger, Maxwell, etc.

Keywords

Citation

Chedjou, J.C. and Kyamakya, K. (2011), "CNN‐based ultrafast solver of stiff ODEs and PDEs for enabling realtime Computational Engineering", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 30 No. 4, pp. 1333-1349. https://doi.org/10.1108/03321641111133235

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited