Barkhausen instability and its implication in T(x) modelling of hysteresis

J. Takacs (Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK)



The paper sets out to formulate the intermolecular forces leading to Barkhausen instability. In the approach the known concept of effective field is used within the framework of the T(x) model. The aim is to provide a mathematical tool to theoreticians and applied scientists in magnetism that is easier to use than those of other models. At the same time to demonstrate the easy applicability of the T(x) model to hysteretic phenomena.


With the combination of the effective and the external field the model is applied to hysteresis loops as well as to the anhysteretic state showing in both cases the local development of unstable conditions at beyond a critical point, leading to local hysteresis loops.


The paper formulates the critical conditions for the hysteretic and the anhysteretic process and calculates the susceptibility as the functions of magnetisation and the applied field.

Research limitations/implications

Experimental verification will be required to prove the applicability to the various magnetic materials and to the accuracy of the model.

Practical implications

The paper provides an easy mathematical and visual method to show the conditions before and after the Barkhausen instability sets in during the magnetisation process.


The paper provides an easy mathematical tool for theoreticians and experimental scientists with a visual presentation of processes leading to Barkhausen instability and magnetic behaviour beyond that by using the T(x) model.



Takacs, J. (2005), "Barkhausen instability and its implication in T(x) modelling of hysteresis", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 1180-1190.

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