This paper deals with a coupled field‐circuit simulation of transients in a three‐phase, three‐limb power transformer taking non‐linearity into consideration. A comparative analysis of the results obtained from the application of 3D and 2D field models has been carried out. Owing to core saturation and the non‐periodic components of the magnetic fluxes, the magnetic field exists also within the space surrounding the core. Hence, three‐dimensional description is necessary. It has been proved that assuming the 2D model significantly overstated peak values of currents are obtained.
Nowak, L., Demenko, A. and Szeląg, W. (2004), "Comparison of 3D and 2D field‐circuit models of power transformer transients", COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 1100-1109. https://doi.org/10.1108/03321640410510811
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