Training and organizational effectiveness: moderating role of knowledge management process

Azmawani Abd Rahman (Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Siew Imm Ng (Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)
Murali Sambasivan (Global Entrepreneurship Research and Innovation Center, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Bukit Jalil, Malaysia)
Florence Wong (Graduate School of Management, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia)

European Journal of Training and Development

ISSN: 2046-9012

Publication date: 31 May 2013

Abstract

Purpose

Training alone is not sufficient to enhance organizational effectiveness to a greater level because not all knowledge obtained from the training is properly transferred and applied to the organization. This study aims to investigate whether efforts invested by Malaysian manufacturers in employee training and knowledge transfer affect organizational effectiveness.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopted a quantitative research design. The questionnaire developed for this study captured the training related to individual/managerial skills, the knowledge management process in place to capture and apply the knowledge obtained through training, and the organizational effectiveness. A closed‐ended online survey was sent to 1,000 members of the Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers (FMM) throughout Malaysia and 88 manufacturers responded. The unit of analysis was an organization.

Findings

The study found the following: training employees to acquire individual/managerial skills and process skills helps in improving organizational effectiveness; knowledge application and knowledge protection interact with individual/managerial skills training to improve organizational effectiveness; and knowledge acquisition, knowledge application and knowledge protection interact with process skills training to enhance organizational effectiveness.

Practical implications

Organizations are urged to devise training modules depending on the needs of individual employees, create an environment that will encourage the trained employees to apply their skills (knowledge), and develop policies to retain these employees.

Originality/value

This paper addresses an important and not so well researched issue. It analyzes the interactions between the dimensions of knowledge management practices and type of training in improving the organizational effectiveness of manufacturing firms in Malaysia.

Keywords

Citation

Abd Rahman, A., Imm Ng, S., Sambasivan, M. and Wong, F. (2013), "Training and organizational effectiveness: moderating role of knowledge management process", European Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 37 No. 5, pp. 472-488. https://doi.org/10.1108/03090591311327295

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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