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Chanakya: the pioneer economist of the world

L.K. Jha (Department of Forestry, NEHU, Mizoram Campus, Aizawl, India)
K.N. Jha (Bhagalpur University, Bihar, India)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 1 March 1998



Reviews the content of the scholar Chanakya’s treatise, Arthasastra (economics). Written in the period 321‐296bc, it sets forth a framework for the economic management of India. Examines the Arthasastra’s teachings in the areas of agriculture, forestry, wildlife, mining and industries, and transport and trade. Reports that the economy was based on a system of coinage that had made barter of secondary importance and lists the prescribed sources of revenues such as taxes and fines and at the main heads of expenditure such as the maintenance of an army, a bureaucracy, social security measures and the upkeep of the King, his family and his court. Concludes that Chanakya’s Arthasastra is a monumental treatise of the ancient world that possesses great importance in the history of economics.



Jha, L.K. and Jha, K.N. (1998), "Chanakya: the pioneer economist of the world", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 25 No. 2/3/4, pp. 267-282.




Copyright © 1998, MCB UP Limited

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