Apartheid is identified as the outcome of a form of (cultural) protectionism. Understanding the protectionist nature of apartheid in the context of the use of state intervention to protect or promote an interest group, allows one to establish criticisms of this system based on a set of principles. While this analysis provides the means for evaluation of consequences, criticisms based on these principles do not require an evaluation of either the intentions or the consequences of protectionist policies. Most forms of interventionist protection are vulnerable to the same objections which are correctly raised against apartheid. Thus, public choice analysis provides evidence and arguments which suggest that evaluation of interventionist policies should be subjected to stringent criteria.
Lingle, C. (1991), "Interest Groups and Cultural Protectionism: Apartheid and Public Arts Policies", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 4-13. https://doi.org/10.1108/03068299110001299
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