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What is seen and unseen on the Gulf coast

Max Raskin (Summit High School, Summit, New Jersey, USA)
Scott A. Kjar (Joseph A. Butt, S.J., College of Business Administration, Loyola University New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA)
Robert Rahm (Georgia Perimeter College, Clarkston, Georgia, USA)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Article publication date: 6 June 2008




The purpose of this paper is to analyze the rebuilding of the Gulf coast post‐Hurricane Katrina.


The paper posits that though Frédéric Bastiat passed away in 1850, the beauty of his sound economic reasoning is that it does not change over time and that his essay, “That which is seen, and that which is not seen,” is especially insightful in analyzing the rebuilding of the Gulf coast. The paper first expounds his lesson and then applies it to the conflict between the private and public sectors in order to attack the fallacies of government spending and vindicate the free‐market approach to reconstruction.


The paper finds that the areas where the government has coercively arrogated to itself a monopoly – police and fire departments to protect lives and property, courts to punish rights violators, water and sewer systems to restore potable water to homes – are the areas where recovery lags the most. Since government has diverted its attention from these services where competition is not allowed, and has instead become involved in the provision of goods and services otherwise provided on the free market – houses, food, clothing – its efforts have not only not assisted the recovery, they have actually stood in its way.


The paper provides a valuable overview of lessons that can be learnt from the aftermath of the Katrina disaster.



Raskin, M., Kjar, S.A. and Rahm, R. (2008), "What is seen and unseen on the Gulf coast", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 35 No. 7, pp. 490-500.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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