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Economic efficiency and investment potential in the smallholder crop sector in Malawi

Julius H. Mangisoni (Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, USA)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Publication date: 1 July 2000

Abstract

The crop sector in Malawi faces a number of constraints which must be overcome before agriculture can reach its full potential. This paper uses the policy analysis matrix (PAM) to assess efficiency in the crop sector and financial analysis to explore the potential of investing in a fruit juice extraction plant in Malawi. The PAM revealed that farmers in Malawi are efficient producers but they face negative incentives in the production and marketing of their products. The nominal protection coefficients (NPCs) for both maize and beans were less than 1 while those of inputs were more than 1. Similarly, the effective protection coefficients (EPCs) were less than 1, implying that the combined effect of transfers and tradable inputs is reducing the private profitability of the systems. On the other hand, the financial analysis demonstrated that Malawi can sustain a fruit juice extraction plant. The project had a positive net present value and a benefit/cost ratio greater than 1 (1.16). Recommendations made from the study relate to the need for diversification into fruits that can sustain a fruit juice extraction plant, encouraging private sector participation and reducing disincentives to crop production.

Keywords

Citation

Mangisoni, J.H. (2000), "Economic efficiency and investment potential in the smallholder crop sector in Malawi", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 27 No. 7/8/9/10, pp. 968-979. https://doi.org/10.1108/03068290010336973

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

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