Environmental auditing in the new Europe

Michael Watson (School of Social Sciences, Bath Spa University College, Bath, UK)

Managerial Auditing Journal

ISSN: 0268-6902

Publication date: 1 December 2004


In May 2004 the European Union expanded. Although most of the new member states have serious environmental problems, all are required to accept EU environmental legislation and standards. This article outlines and compares the main environmental policy instruments available to the governments of these countries: command and control regulation; market‐based instruments; voluntary agreements and informational devices. Particular attention is given to the promotion of environmental auditing.



Watson, M. (2004), "Environmental auditing in the new Europe", Managerial Auditing Journal, Vol. 19 No. 9, pp. 1131-1139. https://doi.org/10.1108/02686900410562777

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