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A question of false self‐esteem: Organization‐based self‐esteem and narcissism in organizational contexts

Donald G. Gardner (University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA)
Jon L. Pierce (University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota, USA)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Article publication date: 8 November 2011

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to explore the relationships between organization‐based self‐esteem and narcissism, and their correlates. It aims to distinguish the two constructs, as well as to examine the degree to which organization‐based self‐esteem is contaminated by “false self‐esteem” (namely, narcissism).

Design/methodology/approach

Participants completed questionnaires containing measures of organization‐based self‐esteem, narcissism, and a variety of motivational, attitudinal, and behavioral consequences. Co‐workers rated the participants' extra‐role and in‐role performance behaviors.

Findings

Organization‐based self‐esteem and narcissism appear to be quite distinct constructs. The organization‐based self‐esteem scale is unbiased by variance associated with narcissism. Organization‐based self‐esteem is associated with a variety of positive outcomes. In particular, organization‐based self‐esteem correlates negatively with hostility, while narcissism correlates positively with hostility.

Practical implications

The hypothesized negative attitudes and behaviors of narcissists were not found. However, organizations need to be cautious when delivering negative feedback to employees high in narcissism. Supervisors need to provide concrete evidence about deficiencies in narcissists' performance when providing feedback.

Originality/value

This is the first study to examine the relationships between organization‐based self‐esteem and narcissism in an organizational context.

Keywords

Citation

Gardner, D.G. and Pierce, J.L. (2011), "A question of false self‐esteem: Organization‐based self‐esteem and narcissism in organizational contexts", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 26 No. 8, pp. 682-699. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683941111181770

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited