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Work‐family conflict and work‐family synergy for generation X, baby boomers, and matures: Generational differences, predictors, and satisfaction outcomes

Nicholas J. Beutell (Hagan School of Business, Iona College, New Rochelle, New York, USA)
Ursula Wittig‐Berman (Hagan School of Business, Iona College, New Rochelle, New York, USA)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Article publication date: 27 June 2008

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore generational effects on work‐family conflict and synergy

Design/methodology/approach

The design is cross‐sectional and investigates large US national probability samples. Multiple regressions and ANOVAs were used in the analyses.

Findings

Generational differences in work‐family conflict and synergy were found. Mental health and job pressure were the strongest predictors of work‐family conflict for each group. Matures were significantly more satisfied than baby boomers and generation Xers.

Research limitations/implications

All measures were self‐reports collected at one point in time. Thus, common method variance may be an issue and causal inferences cannot be made. Life stage and family stage differed for the generational groups and this should be explored in subsequent research.

Practical implications

Managers and human resource professionals need to consider generational differences in work‐family program design and monitor patterns of program usage for each group. Generation X members are particularly concerned about work/life balance.

Originality/value

This is the first paper to investigate generational issues affecting work‐family conflict and synergy. The findings are particularly relevant to managers and human resource professionals.

Keywords

Citation

Beutell, N.J. and Wittig‐Berman, U. (2008), "Work‐family conflict and work‐family synergy for generation X, baby boomers, and matures: Generational differences, predictors, and satisfaction outcomes", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 23 No. 5, pp. 507-523. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683940810884513

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited